Russian president’s first visit to Iran since war with Ukraine, talks on bilateral relations

ISLAMABAD, July 19 (Alliance News): Russian President Vladimir Putin will meet Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei today, which is his first foreign visit since the war against Ukraine began on February 24 this year.

According to the foreign media, Russian President Vladimir Putin will meet in Tehran with the President of Turkey, a member of NATO, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, for the first time directly after the Ukraine war, in which he will receive grain from the Black Sea of ​​Ukraine. They will discuss an agreement to allow exports as well as a settlement to restore peace in Syria.

It should be noted that a day after US President Joe Biden’s visit to Israel and Saudi Arabia, Vladimir Putin visited Iran and discussed Moscow’s plans to develop close strategic relations with Iran, China and India despite Western sanctions. I have given a strong message to the West.

Yuri Ushakov, Putin’s foreign policy adviser, told reporters in Moscow that the Russian president’s contact with Iran’s supreme leader is very important and that the two have had trust-based discussions on the most important issues on the bilateral and international agenda. Our positions on most issues are close or the same.

Attempts at alternative measures to deal with sanctions
Putin’s visit to Iran is timely as it faces economic sanctions from the West and is embroiled in tensions with the US over its nuclear program and other issues.

Iran’s religious leaders are keen to strengthen strategic ties with Russia in the face of an emerging US-backed Israel-Gulf Arab bloc that could shift the balance of power in the Middle East further away from Iran.

A senior Iranian official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said that given the geopolitical ties created after the war in Ukraine, Tehran is trying to win Moscow’s support in confrontations with Washington and its regional allies. Is.

Also read: Russia has received guarantees from the US to save the Iran nuclear deal

Iran, which has benefited from high oil prices after the war in Ukraine, believes it can, with Russia’s support, pressure Washington to soften its tough stance on revising the 2015 nuclear deal.

However, Sino-Iranian relations have been an important source of revenue since former US President Donald Trump reimposed sanctions on Iran in 2018, but Beijing’s growing tilt towards Russia in recent months has led to China’s reluctance on Iran’s part. has seen a significant decline in crude exports.

In May of this year, Reuters published a report that Iran’s crude oil exports to China had fallen sharply because of Beijing’s support for heavy discounts on Russian oil, which cost about 40 million bpd. Barrels of Iranian oil were left on ocean tankers in Asia and buyers were being sought.

Prior to the arrival of Russian President Vladimir Putin, National Iranian Oil Company and Russian gas producer Gazprom Company signed a memorandum of understanding worth approximately $40 billion.

Efforts to stop violence in Syria
High on the agenda will be efforts to reduce violence in Syria, where Recep Tayyip Erdogan has threatened to expand a 30-kilometer (20-mile) deep “safe zone” along the border. More military operations will be launched, but Russia and Tehran have opposed such a move by Turkey.

The Iranian Supreme Leader told Tayyip Erdogan that it is very important to maintain the territorial integrity of Syria and any military attack in northern Syria will definitely cause damage to Turkey, Syria and the entire region, which will benefit terrorists.

Any action by Turkey in Syria would attack Kurdistan’s YGP fighters, the mainstay of the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), which control large swaths of northern Syria, drawing Washington’s attention. Considers an important ally against ISIS.

A senior Turkish official said Turkey’s plan would be discussed at the meeting in Tehran because of reports that Russia and the Kurds are working together in several areas of Syria.

Russia and Iran are the main backers of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, while Turkey supports the rebels who oppose him.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, who turns 70 this year, has made only a few foreign trips in recent years due to the coronavirus pandemic and then the Ukraine crisis, but his last trip outside the former Soviet Union was in February. I went to China.

His bilateral talks with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan will focus on resuming grain exports from Ukraine and moving forward.

Ukraine, Turkey and the United Nations are expected to sign an agreement later this week to resume grain shipments from Ukraine across the Black Sea.

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